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Species affected: Dogs, Cats
Background: Exists as both a primary or secondary disorder.
Symptoms: Include exercise intolerance, and congestive heart failure. In some cases, symptoms are not evident until cardiovascular stress occurs.
Diagnostics: Confirmed by cardiac workup, radiology, echocardiography, and EKG.
Special Notes: Occurs in different forms in different species, all resulting in poor contractile function and cardiac chamber enlargement. In dogs, the idiopathic dilated form of cardiomyopathy is the most common and occurs more frequently in the larger breeds. It can be particularly severe in Dobermans and Boxers. The hypertrophic form is rare in dogs, but common in cats. Secondary forms of cardiomyopathy can stem from nutritional deficiencies, infections, drug reactions, metabolic problems and tumors.
Principles for Supplementation: Depending on its etiology, secondary cardiomyopathy may require a variety of treatments. Taurine and carnitine deficiencies have been documented in some cases. Cats consuming vegetarian diets are usually deficient in these nutrients.


Formulas: Dosage: Mechanism/Purpose:


Cats: capsule sid
Dogs: 1 capsule/25 lb bid

Improves myocardial function; hawthorn may or may not be appropriate for cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.


Cats: -1 scoop, sid (mixed w/ food)
Dogs: 1-3 scoops sid (mixed w/food)

Tonifies circulation, relaxes arteries, decreases heart rate,
increases blood flow to heart, strengthens heart muscle.


Cats: 1 capsule sid
Dogs < 25 lb: 1 capsule sid

Present in mitochondria; essential factor in ATP production. Greatest need in metabolically active cells such as the heart, gingiva, immune system, lacrimal glands, and gastric mucosa. Antioxidant and helps recycle vitamin E.


Dogs: 1 capsule/25 lb sid

See above

CoQ-10 ST26

Cats and small dogs: 10-30 mg bid
Medium dogs: 30-60 mg bid
Large dogs: 60-90 mg bid

See above

CoQsol 30mg8

1 capsule per 30 lb

See above

Coleus Forskohlii12

Cats: 5-10 mg bid
Dogs: 10-15 mg bid

Increases cyclic AMP.


Cats: 1 capsule sid
Dogs: 2-6 capsules sid

Essential nutrient for dogs with cardiomyopathy.

Super EPAVET12

Cats: 1 gelcap sid
Dogs: 2 gelcaps/25 lb sid

Fish oil has been shown to decrease cytokines, cachexia, and improve survival in CHF dogs.


Cats: 1 capsule sid
Dogs: capsule/25 lb sid

Essential nutrient for cats and dogs; deficiency may cause
cardiomyopathy in cats since they do not make their own taurine.

Section 1 - Canine and Feline Index of Pages


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